According to official figures from the Office for National Statistics, Crime in England and Wales is falling. This conclusion was also backed up by separate research from the Crime Survey for England and Wales, which identified a 16% drop on overall crime. Despite this, however, the number of reported rapes is at its highest ever level.
This is not necessarily entirely down to an increase in the number of offences taking place. For a number of reasons, rape has historically been a significantly underreported crime. Now, victims are becoming more and more willing to come forward and make reports, so that more instances of this type of crime are actually recorded by police. Police writing off reports of rape and generally failing to record them properly is an issue that has raised concerns recently. Following the controversy that has surrounded the issue, according to the ONS’ head of crime statistics John Flatley, “it’s certainly the case the police are taking action to improve their recording and handling of rape investigations.”
However, there are concerns that this may be only one factor driving the increase in the number of incidents recorded, with figures also being driven upwards by an actual increase in the number of offences taken place. The official data does not offer any indication of whether this is likely to be the case, but some statisticians have stated that a 48% increase in knife-point rapes, for instance, is likely to be down to a genuine rise rather than simply better recording processes.
The increased number of reported rapes is made up of two kinds of allegation. Recent years have seen a significant rise in the number of victims gathering the necessary courage to report historical offences when they did not feel able to come forward at the time. However, nearly three quarters (73%) of the latest increase are down to current offences – a departure from the trend seen in recent years.
Overall crime, according to the Crime Survey for England and Wales, is down to a total of 7.1 million offences over the course of a year. This is the lowest level seen since 1981 when the survey started. Meanwhile, the ONS’ data showed that the number of rapes recorded by police in the year leading up to June was 22,116. This is an increase of 29%. The number of rapes in which the victim was threatened with a knife increased by nearly half, rising to 294 from 199.